University of Notre Dame Art History Professor Nicole Woods essay "Pop Gun Art: Niki de Saint Phalle and the Operatic Multiple" was featured in the Walker Art Center's "Living Collections" volume on Expanded Art.
Abstract: Taking as her starting point an evening in March 1966, when gunshots rang out in an outdoor courtyard at the Walker Art Center, art historian Nicole L. Woods traces the life of Niki de Saint Phalle’s Untitled from Edition MAT 64 (1964). The work is one of the artist’s iconic shot paintings, made as part of a series of multiples produced by Daniel Spoerri’s publishing outfit Multiplication d’Art Transformable. Contextualizing the Walker’s piece within the series, Woods discusses the artist’s approach to audience activation, collaboration, and catharsis.
You can read the essay here.